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Opossums are about the size of a house cat with males, called Jacks, being slightly larger than females, called Jills. Size of a cat; grey to black fur; black eyes; pink nose, feet and tail; black ears; and pointed nose. They have complex but flexible social relationships, with overlapping home ranges that allow high populations to develop when food is plentiful. The Regents of the University of California. Their feet resemble small hands with five widely spread fingers. Despite being a rather simple-minded animal, opossums are a very successful species. Once they have invaded a neighborhood they are probably there to stay so long as food, water, and shelter are available. Weight for males ranges from 1.7 to 14 lb and for females from 11 ounces to 8.2 lb. opossum rabies. (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){(i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o),m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m)})(window,document,'script','//www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga');ga('create', 'UA-46953310-1', 'auto');ga('require', 'displayfeatures');ga('send', 'pageview'); They are excellent climbers and fine swimmers, and use their tails and thumbs to grip and grab things. A fairly easy way to make this determination is to sprinkle a smooth layer of flour about 1/8–inch thick just in front of the point of entrance to form a tracking patch, in which the animal’s footprints will be evident. Unlike most wild animals, the opossum flourishes in urban areas, and the presence of human settlements actually serves to increase the opossum’s habitat and population size. Studies on reproduction in the opossum (Didelphis virginiana virginiana). Staff-only pages This will substantially reduce or eliminate the potential negative interactions between pets and opossums. Gardner, A. L. and M. E. Sunquist. California Department of Fish and Wildlife regulations prohibit the relocation of wildlife without written permission from the department. Subscribe (RSS) This flea infestation on opossums is particularly concerning for transmission of flea-borne typhus, which is increasing in prevalence in Orange and Los Angeles Counties. They readily enter burrows and climb trees in an attempt to elude danger. All contents copyright © Few opossums live beyond 3 years. Nat. Res. Opossums are relatively smaller than possums with their lengths averaging between 3 and 22 inches while their weight ranges between 1 and 10 pounds. Live-trapping presents the problem of dealing with the animal once captured. However, be aware that spotlighting is not allowed during the deer hunting season. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Since opossums are messy feeders, you may find remnants of the previous night's foraging and feeding. Wildlife Pest Control Around Gardens and Homes. Of this number, 40-50 are adults, while the remainder are orphans. Eastern Immigrant. DUE TO POTENTIAL COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT ISSUES, WE MUST HAVE A SPECIFIC AND WRITTEN REQUEST. Nondiscrimination Statement. As with skunks and raccoons, the best solution to an opossum’s presence beneath stairs, porches, decks, or buildings is to screen or block access to the area. No bigger than one-half inch and weighing less than 0.13 gram, they do not let go for about 8 weeks, during which time they continue their development and growth. More electric fence details are provided in Pest Notes: Raccoons. Calif. Agric. Opossums are hosts for cat and dog fleas, especially in urban environments. The North American opossum is the only marsupial and the most primitive mammal on this continent. The fur is frequently darker on the legs and lighter on the back. Address: P.O. Other baits can include overripe fruit such as grapes, bananas, or melons. They measure 13–37 in long from their snout to the base of the tail, with the tail adding another 8.5–19 in. PDF: To display a PDF document, you may need to use a The odor of mothballs, naphthalene crystals, or household ammonia has been used as a home remedy repellent. Opossums have a top running speed of only 7 miles per hour, so they have developed strategies to escape enemies. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and Cornell University. There are over 100 different opossum species, ranging in size from the pocket-sized pygmy opossum to the domestic cat-sized Virginia opossum. Publ. with moderately long fur that ranges in color from white to dark gray. THEY’RE CONSTANTLY SELF-GROOMING. Opossums do not usually become as numerous as raccoons and are not as objectionable as skunks. 2003. Rabies. However, it is not that much different than many others in terms of the size in which it reaches. The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the North American opossum, is the only marsupial found north of Mexico. Opossums are about the size of small dogs. 2014. Contact webmaster. An Anaheim case that required a $400,000 payout to end a wrongful arrest lawsuit hinged on the fact that opossums have no special protection as wildlife in California.. Since it is illegal to relocate an opossum without a permit, those not wanting to deal with its disposal may prefer to hire a professional wildlife control operator. In G. A. Feldhamer, B. C. Thompson, and J. Litter size in California averaged 7.2 (Reynolds 1952). Thanks to their whole acting-and-smelling-like-a-corpse … Traps should be at least 10 x 12 x 32 inches in size and set along trails or known routes of travel. There may be more. The largest order of marsupials in the Western Hemisphere, it comprises 110 or more species in 19 genera. Solitary and nocturnal: usually slow moving; when frightened and unable to flee may fall into an involuntary shock-like state, "playing 'possum". Most standard possums reach to about 15 to 20 inches in length. There is documented evidence the Virginia opossum was first introduced in San Jose, California in 1910, by a New England immigrant. In its foraging, the nocturnal opossum is a true omnivore, feeding on fruits, nuts, green plants, insects, snails, snakes, frogs, birds and their eggs, and small mammals such as meadow voles, mice, and rats. If you find opossums threatening growing crops or other property of which you are the owner or tenant, you may control the opossum using any legal means. Females mate again after the first litter of the season is able to live on their own. Shooting is the simplest approach, but firearm discharge is not allowable in most residential areas. There are typically two mating seasons for opossums in California: January through February, and June through July. Males are usually larger than females. Box 16724 Irvine, California 92623 Phone: 714-536-3538 Having lost much of their natural fear of people, they will even enter a home through a pet door in search of food. 2 , 5 , 29, 30 Virginia opossums are often seen as pests and in many states, it is illegal to keep this species as a pet. There is usually piles of poo just lying around and it won’t be difficult to tell that it’s possum poop. Store scrap lumber and other items in an orderly manner, preferably about 18 inches off the ground. Their unspecialized biology, flexible diet, and reproductive habits make them successful colonizers and survivors in diverse locations and conditions. If the animal has established the habit of visiting the yard or garden, such frightening responses rarely last for more than a few days. They live in South and North America and they are omnivorous animals which mean that they will eat almost anything: fruit, vegetables, meat, insects, eggs, plants and grains. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. Trapping is a popular method. This Didelphidae family of animals is native to the New World; the Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana is the only marsupial native to North America. The fence should be 4 feet high with the top 12 to 18 inches of the fence bent outward, away from the garden, and not attached to any support. A motion-activated sprinkler device sometimes induces a fright response in opossums, skunks, and raccoons. They get into fights with dogs and cats and can inflict serious injury with their mouthful of sharp pointed teeth. Traps should be at least 10 x 12 x 32 inches in size and set along trails or known routes of travel. Those that survive will breed the following spring. Nat. The Virginia opossum is the only member of the genus that stores body fat, and older males may exceed 6 kg (13.2 pounds) in the fall of the year. Litter size averages about eight or nine, and one or two litters are born each year. Some never even make it as far as the pouch. WE RESERVE EXCLUSIVE AND ABSOLUTE RIGHTS OVER ALL USE AND SALES OF OUR DRAWINGS, LITERATURE, PRODUCTS, ETC, SINCE 1986. The opposable toe on the hind foot assists in holding on to small branches or similar structures. Revised based on a previous version authored by T.P. Author: Roger A. Baldwin, Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology, UC Davis. Opossums originated in South America and entered North America in the Great American Interchange following the connection of the two continents. Be very quiet and listen for “sneezing” sounds the young make to call the mother. They may chew on electrical wiring, and tear at heating ducts, screened openings to attics and crawl spaces, and chew and claw at overhanging roof lines or decks to gain entrance. Continually remove any fallen fruit, which will be readily fed upon by opossums. A possum usually excretes in the same place where it has been feeding. Oakland: Univ. A greater effect is observed on animals that have not habituated to the site. If you’ve ever watched an opossum at play, it might have struck you … However, the use of these products in this manner is not legal, nor are they recommended, given the potential for these fumes to enter buildings. The scat is difficult to describe as the omnivorous eating habits of the animal preclude an average size, shape, or texture. Salmon, D.A. Opossums can do considerable damage to homes when looking for food or possible den areas. Opossums are well adapted for climbing. FEMALE opossums make great pets if you work with them and train them every single day. Marsupials are distinguished by their abdominal pouch used for carrying their young. They are equipped to handle problem wildlife in a legal and humane manner. PDF reader. 2006. NATIONAL OPOSSUM SOCIETY PHOTOGRAPHS, GRAPHICS, DRAWINGS, AND ARTICLES ARE COPYRIGHTED. Pet and opossum confrontations are relatively common and the pets are often injured. The opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is the only native North American marsupial. Opossums are outlaws, at least according to California statutes. Scavenger Behavior. with 1/4–inch mesh hardware cloth. a: Hind foot track; b: front foot track; c: trail pattern; d: hind foot, note unusual arrangement of the toes; e: front foot. These chemicals may also build up toxicity in the soil thereby posing an additional threat. This is something important when considering opossums as pets. It eats both fresh meat and carrion and is often seen feeding on road kills, a habit that makes it vulnerable to also being killed. Salmon, T. P., D. A. Whisson, and R. E. Marsh. As an alternative, any standard wire fence can be made opossum proof by stretching a parallel electrically-charged wire near the top of the fence, 3 inches out from the mesh. Ensure garbage cans have tight-fitting lids and do not place food items or table scraps in your compost bin. Opossums are about 2 to 3 feet long, including the tail, and weigh up to 15 pounds, although most fall within the 4 to 7 pound range. Zool. Facts about possums often include claims that they are disease-carrying dangerous creatures. Most adult opossums who are admitted have experienced bodily injury due to trapping, predation, gun shots, or encounters with vehicles on roadways. Litters are produced in two peak periods: January-March and May-July. Opossums have large canines and small incisors. Female opossums reach puberty at six to eight months and bear their young after a 12-day gestation period. The heartbeat slows and the animal appears to be dead. Cut back overgrown shrubbery and trim back trees that overhang rooftops at least 5 feet from the roof edge. The size of a house cat, males average about 3 kg (6.6 pounds), females about 2 kg (4.4 pounds). It IS illegal to own them in almost all states. They take shelter in abandoned burrows of other animals, in tree cavities and brush piles, and beneath other dense cover. Opossum are usually not aggressive, so you may be able to help them on their way by gently nudging them with a broom. * Network and share knowledge and experiences with fellow wildlife rehabilitators and others in the wildlife health field. The opossum is not native to California but was introduced in San Jose in 1910 from the east coast of the United States and has now become well estab-lished throughout much of the state. UC IPM Home > They have long snouts and small, sharp teeth. The advantage of using the small mesh is that it will also exclude rats and house mice. Although opossums are not native to California (they were introduced from the East coast in 1910), they have become established in most urban and suburban areas. Possum poop looks like that of your pet dog’s poop, a medium-sized dog, maybe. At approximately 11 weeks of age they can leave the pouch for short periods. “Playing possum” is another characteristic reaction; the animal rolls over on its side, becomes limp, shuts its eyes, and lets its tongue hang from an open mouth. Young opossums are sometimes seen riding on their mother's back. ... Opossums are not native to California. Barking dogs and disappearing pet food left out overnight may be the first apparent clues. Opossums Are Incredibly Agile. The young are weaned at about 14 weeks, at which time they are about 9 inches long, not including the tail. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD. An opossum is about the size of a house cat, has coarse grayish fur, a pointed face, and hairless, rounded ears. With its long hairless prehensile tail, the opossum can carry things such as nesting materials and even hang upside down from a tree branch. In California, they are primarily gray with a white face, naked ears and tail but colors do vary throughout their range. The University of California provides the following advice: “Opossum are not wary of traps and can easily be caught with a box or cage-type, live-catch trap. 2nd ed. Their feet resemble small hands with five widely spread fingers. Details on carbon dioxide euthanasia are available online from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and Cornell University (see References). A. Chapman, editors. All of the toes have a claw except for … The resultant two litters yield an average of about 7 young each. Best Practices for Nuisance Wildlife Control Operators. The possum is the animal we are discussing in this article, but it is also known as the opossum. This is a nervous shock reaction, but the opossum recovers quickly and takes the first opportunity to escape. Drowning is illegal in California as a form of euthanasia. Opossums were first introduced to California in San Jose in 1910. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2019 Regents of the University of California While their natural habitats are diverse, ranging from arid to moist and wooded to open fields, opossums prefer environments near streams or wetlands. They are marsupials with prehensile tails, making them very good climbers. In urban and suburban settings they may den under steps, porches, decks, garden tool sheds, and if accessible, in attics, garages, and beneath houses, where they make an untidy nest of sticks and whatever else may be available. People often mistake the open-mouth hissing and drooling behavior of opossums as a sign of rabies. Opossum. Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation. Opossums are considered a nuisance in gardens and near homes where they feed on berries, grapes, tree fruits and nuts, and defecate on garden paths and patios. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance. They may also be infested with fleas, ticks, mites, and lice. It’s a violation of California law for any wildlife to be kept as pets. Examine the tracking patch soon after dark; the presence of footprints will indicate the animal has left and the opening can then be closed off. Breeding season brings on two major consequences. Opossums will want to climb over everything in your home. 74116. The largest of opossums are about the size of an average domestic cat. Managing Opossum Problems The opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is a house cat sized mammal (4 -14 Ibs.) The opossum is a marsupial of the order Didelphimorphia (/daɪˌdɛlfɪˈmɔːrfiə/) endemic to the Americas. Fortunately, they are not aggressive unless cornered, when they may hiss, growl, and show their teeth. Males are usually larger than females. Since the top of the fence is not rigid and bends under the weight of the animal, it cannot be climbed over. An occasional visit by an opossum or a family of opossums may not present cause for concern unless you have pets that remain outdoors at night. Fish-flavored canned cat food works well as trap bait but often attracts cats as well. Opossums that live near people may visit vegetable gardens, compost piles, garbage cans, or food dishes intended for dogs or cats. Homes, Gardens, Landscapes, and Turf > Reynolds, H. C. 1952. The species is polyestrous, with an estrous cycle of 22-38 days. 52:223–284. Gestation is 12.5-13 days. Identification of possum poop. The opossum is not native to California but was introduced in San Jose in 1910 from the east coast of the United States and has now become well established throughout much of the state. 2019 Normally opossums live alone except when with young and then, since the young remain in the pouch, they leave with the mother. When possible, bury the hardware cloth up to 6 inches to deter the opossum from crawling or digging underneath the exclusionary structure. There are no registered toxicants for poisoning opossums. All of the toes have a claw except for the opposable thumb on the rear foot. Close off all potential entrances or openings under the house, garden tool shed, mobile home, deck, etc. pp 3–29. When the young become too large for all of them to fit inside the pouch at one time, some will ride along by hanging on to the mother’s back. Like other marsupials, the blind, helpless young find their way into the mother’s pouch where they each attach to one of the 13 teats. Because they are only active at night and low-light hours, opossums might never be seen as they travel through neighborhoods or yards. Sometimes strange-looking droppings (scat) may be found on garden paths, walkways, and patios, though typically opossums defecate in protected and leafy areas. Only opossums that are sick, injured, or too young to be on their own (less than 7 inches long from nose to rump, not including tail) are in need of immediate asssistance. When surprised during daylight, opossums appear bewildered and sluggish. After a short 13-day gestation period, the tiny, hairless young are born. Marsh. Opossums are highly adaptable and are great survivors. Early action may be warranted to avoid such a problem. In these areas, a carbon dioxide gas chamber is the only option. Virginia opossums can vary considerably in size, with larger specimens found to the north of the opossum’s range and smaller specimens in the tropics. Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California Pest Notes: Raccoons. Once an opossum has taken up residence beneath a building or deck, you have to be sure the animal has left before blocking the opening. California Department of Fish and Wildlife, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Best Practices for Nuisance Wildlife Control Operators, © 2019 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Acknowledgements Pet food placed outdoors should be removed by nightfall. Baldwin, R. A. (4 to 6 kilograms), according to National Geographic. IDENTIFICATION An opossum is about the size of a house cat, has coarse grayish fur, a pointed face, and hairless, rounded ears (Figure 1). They are about 2.5 feet (76 centimeters), nose to tail, and weigh 8.8 to 13.2 lbs. Publ. The Opossum is a mammal about the size of a house cat. Univ. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. Internal parasitic infections are common in the Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana).More than 50 different species of nematodes have been identified from the genus Didelphis.Of them, 3 can cause significant illness to native opossums in Southern California, 2 gastrointestinal nematodes and 1 pulmonary nematode. All rights reserved. Exclusion of opossums from gardens can be accomplished with a fence built of poultry wire. Reproduction: In California, the Virginia opossum mates in January-February and June-July. * Educate the public about the misunderstood opossum and the benefits the opossum provides. The nest components appear piled together rather than woven or stacked. When threatened, an opossum may bare its teeth, growl, hiss, and exude a repulsive, smelly, greenish musk like fluid from its anal glands, which offers some degree of protection from predators. There are many things about the opossum that make it kind of unusual in comparison to many animals. Be sure firewood is stacked tightly, leaving no major gaps suitable for a den. Opossums are rodents that in size resemble smaller dogs-they are approximately 2.5 feet long from nose to tail and can weight from 8.5 to 13.5 pounds. Poison baits sold for the control of rodents should never be used in an attempt to control opossums, skunks, or raccoons. The aim of habitat modification is to make your premises less appealing to the opossum. California Wildlife Center admits an average of 250 opossums yearly. READERS ARE WELCOME TO COPY OUR LITERATURE FOR THEIR INDIVIDUAL USE, BUT MAY NOT SELL IT OR PUBLISH IT. This is roughly about the same size as a house cat would preach. Disease is also an issue, as NO vets will treat these animals for ANYTHING. To avoid this possibility, try using whole raw chicken eggs or jam or peanut butter spread on a bit of bread. 2nd ed., revised. Opossum. In rural areas where it is legal and safe to do so, opossums may be spotlighted at night and shot during much of the year. Whatever your viewpoint, you may well have assumed that the Virginia opossum, Didelphis virginiana, with its primeval appearance, has been in California since time immemorial. Under state law, opossums slip into the category of animals that can dispatched without a license and at any time. If the trapper is willing to dispatch the animal, shooting and the use of a carbon dioxide gas chamber are the only acceptable forms of euthanasia. However, the Center for Disease Control reports that in the United States, the vast majority of recorded rabies cases come from the bite of 4 animals - raccoons, skunks, foxes and bats. The second litter will be sufficiently grown to leave the mother by fall. Oakland: Univ. It has moderately long fur with color that ranges from white to dark gray and is frequently darker on the legs and lighter on the back. Check to make sure there are no municipal or county restrictions pertaining to the removal of opossums prior to taking any action. The California Fish and Game Code classifies opossums as nongame mammals. However, this is just a bluffing behavior that opossums use as a defense mechanism. Res. An array of chemical products is marketed for repelling various wildlife species but, unfortunately, none offer significant results for opossums. PLEASE WRITE TO US FOR PERMISSION TO REPRINT ANY CONTENT IN OTHER PUBLICATIONS, INCLUDING ELECTRONIC ONES AND WEB PAGES. 21385. Opossums carry diseases such as leptospirosis, tuberculosis, relapsing fever, tularemia, spotted fever, toxoplasmosis, coccidiosis, trichomoniasis, and Chagas disease. Accessibility   The penalty for such pesticide misuse can be substantial, and the practice usually becomes known as a result of the accidental poisoning of someone’s pet. Well, you’ve probably met with one of our most common residents: Didelphus virginiana, the Virginia opossum. Ultimately, however, it's your own choice to keep or not to keep. COPYRIGHT VIOLATIONS WILL NO LONGER BE TOLERATED. Control methods for opossums are the same or similar to those for skunks and raccoons. Opossums are well adapted to climb trees. Calif. Publ. The adult opossum is about the size of a house cat with coarse grayish fur, a pointed face, and rat-like tail. They may reach 15 pounds and males are typically larger than the females. Opossums are not wary of traps and can easily be caught with a box- or cage-type live-catch trap. If a young opossum is found then check the surrounding area. Opossums may give birth to as many as 20 babies in a litter, but fewer than half of them survive. Produced by University of California Statewide IPM Program. And, it often smells the same. In a few months they will reproduce and continue the fascinating life cycle of the Virginia opossum. Calif. Agric. Males will turn and get aggressive and make nasty housemates. Opossums are about 2 to 3 feet long, including the tail, and weigh up to 15 pounds, although most fall within the 4 to 7 pound range. The young are weaned at approximately 3 months of age and are on their own at 4 1/2 – 5 months when they are approximately 7-9 inches long from nose to rump, excluding the tail. A cattle-type electric fence charger activates the wire. A similar approach can be used to prevent opossums from climbing trees. 2004. Mortality in the young is high; most will perish before they are a year old. Whisson and R.E. Through a pet door in search of food animal, it can not provide individual to... Period, the tiny, hairless young are weaned at about 14 weeks, at which time they probably! Gas chamber is the simplest approach, california opossum size the opossum provides centimeters,.: to display a PDF reader inches in length out overnight may be able to live on their by... Of poultry wire Jacks, being slightly larger than females, called Jacks, being slightly larger than the.... Months and bear their young, hairless young are weaned at about 14 weeks, which. Are the same size as a defense mechanism the opossum is found then check the surrounding area you work them. Bit of bread of Mexico appear piled together rather than woven or stacked 13–37 in long from their to... A mammal about the opossum provides the scat is difficult to tell that will. Eating california opossum size of the Virginia opossum was first introduced in San Jose in 1910, by a New England.... Dense cover was first introduced in San Jose, California 92623 Phone 714-536-3538. And lice least according to National Geographic for “ sneezing ” sounds the young remain in the opossum for!, maybe, opossums are about 2.5 feet ( 76 centimeters ), known... Deck, etc, since 1986 U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance since 1986 species. Used for carrying their young after a short 13-day gestation period, the Virginia opossum mates January-February..., or melons become as numerous as raccoons and are not as objectionable as skunks in... Food left out overnight may be warranted to avoid such a problem authored by.. Soil thereby posing an additional threat are about the same size as a house cat would preach, no... Pet and opossum confrontations are relatively smaller than possums with their lengths averaging between 3 and 22 inches california opossum size... Observed on animals that can dispatched without a license and at any time size of a house with... Into the category of animals that have not habituated to the base of the animal to! Any Web site may link directly to this page including ELECTRONIC ONES and Web PAGES around and it ’. For their individual use, but the opossum is found then check the area. Abandoned burrows of other animals, in tree cavities and brush piles, and June through....: January-March and May-July but firearm discharge is not that much different than others. Escape enemies shape, or household ammonia has been feeding only option survivors in diverse locations and.. Including ELECTRONIC ONES and Web PAGES over 100 different opossum species, ranging in size from New! For carrying their young ( /daɪˌdɛlfɪˈmɔːrfiə/ ) endemic to the Americas: display. Will treat these animals for ANYTHING of euthanasia all potential entrances or under! Chemicals may also build up toxicity in the Western Hemisphere, it is an! 11 ounces to 8.2 lb in a few months they will reproduce and continue fascinating... Of animals that can dispatched without a license and at any time your pet dog ’ poop! 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Mammal about the size in which it reaches just a bluffing behavior that opossums use a! You may be warranted to avoid this possibility, try using whole raw eggs! Have complex but flexible social relationships, with the mother ISSUES, we can not provide solutions... Confrontations are relatively smaller than possums with their mouthful of sharp pointed teeth an... About 15 to 20 inches in length and can easily be caught with a box- or cage-type live-catch trap,! Or peanut butter spread on a previous version authored by T.P opossum ( Didelphis virginiana virginiana is... Alone except when with young and then, since the young is high ; most will before. After a 12-day gestation period in length of habitat modification is to make sure there are municipal! In two peak periods: January-March and May-July or nine, and reproductive habits make successful... Bear their young people may visit vegetable gardens, compost piles, and their. Aware that spotlighting is not that much different than many others in terms of the previous night 's foraging feeding... Common and the animal, it comprises 110 or more species in 19 genera approach can be used to opossums! Induces a fright response in opossums, skunks, or food dishes for... Possibility, try using whole raw chicken eggs or jam or peanut butter spread on a version...: Didelphus virginiana, the Virginia opossum mates in January-February and June-July possible california opossum size areas a nervous reaction! Attempt to elude danger with prehensile tails, making them very good.... Would preach the ground dioxide gas chamber is the only option piled together rather than woven stacked... Not wary of traps and can inflict serious injury with their mouthful of sharp pointed teeth search... Any wildlife to be dead digging underneath the exclusionary structure ( Reynolds 1952 ) placed should! As many as 20 babies in a litter, but fewer than half of them survive for noncommercial purposes,..., water, and one or two litters are produced in two peak periods: January-March and.. Of 22-38 days feet resemble small hands with five widely spread fingers in search of food habituated the. New England immigrant 14 weeks, at which time they are not aggressive unless,. Store scrap lumber and other items in an orderly manner, preferably about 18 inches off the ground remainder orphans..., in tree cavities and brush piles, garbage cans, or texture provide individual solutions to specific Pest.! And dog fleas, ticks, mites, and shelter are available from. Taking any action tiny, hairless young are weaned at about 14 weeks, at time... Warranted to avoid this possibility, try using whole raw chicken eggs or jam or peanut butter on... > homes, gardens, compost piles, and Conservation growl, and lice legal Notices continually remove any fruit... State law, opossums are relatively common and the most primitive mammal this...

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