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Smartweed is an herb. Description Perrenial herbaceous plant 15.2-30.4cm (6-24in) tall with red stem. Some people put smartweed directly on the skin to wash bloody wounds. Carey's Smartweed can be distinguished from all other Persicaria species in Minnesota by the glandular hairs in the upper plant combined with long, spreading white hairs on the leaf veins and ocrea. It is also commonly named Pennsylvania smartweed, pinkweed or pink smartweed. Leaf nodes are covered in papery, fringed sheaths. right now I am only seeing Black-eyed Susans and tons of Smartweed. Longroot smartweed can be found in ponds, rivers, lakes, streams, ditches, canals, marshes, swamps, and in mud in wet meadows. Perennial, reproducing by seed and by underground horizontal roots (i.e. It is a source of antioxidants and supporter of good health, here we'll take a look at its benefits! Our specialist responds:"Polygonum persicaria. It grows in an upright form to a height of 3.2 feet, with active growth during the summer. A Native (Mohawk) friend of mine told me they use smartweed in their pickles. Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) and closely related lady's thumb (P. persicaria) are a shade gardener's worst nightmare, because they grow best in moist partial shade.Found throughout North America, these native annuals produce thousands of hard-coated seeds. rhizomes). Note that handling some species of smartweed can sometimes cause a skin rash in sensitive individuals. Habitat: Pale smartweed is a common native plant around streams, lakes and wet depressions throughout Ontario, often persisting as a weed in those locations whenever they come under cultivation. The term smartweed is thought to be a more sanitized version of the original word “arsmart” for the use of the plant in medieval times to relieve itching and swelling of the human posterior. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. The above-ground parts are used to make medicine. Smartweeds require wet soil conditions to germinate; hot, dry soil conditions cause seed dormancy. It has also been noted as an introduced species in parts of Europe and South America. Smartweed is a robust perennial that can reach lengths of 8 feet. It has a cosmopolitan distribution, with species occurring nearly worldwide. About Water Smartweed (Persicaria punctata) 1 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Water Smartweed (Polygonum punctatum) is a common native perennial herb that grows in northern, southern and central California.It is moderately fast growing and short-lived. The color of the flowers will be either white, pink or purple, depending on the species. Smartweed is an annual that grows to about two feet in height, flowers from July to September and grows in shallow water and in areas that stay wet and occasionally hold standing water. It reproduces by seeds that drop nearby to produce new plants. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. Persicaria pensylvanica (syn. But smartweed is more than just a pretty pink pond ornament -- it's also important to wildlife. Very grateful for the extensive knowledge that you share. Smartweed, or Polygonum hydropiperoides, is a lowland plant native to the Americas. Friisoe,and M.R. Smartweed seeds are heavily consumed by ducks, small birds, and small mammals. Hairy smartweed is only located in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina (Kartesz, 1999). Native to Florida. This wild grain is an important food source for wildlife, but it becomes a noxious weed when it gets into garden plots and lawns.. What is Smartweed? Fresh seeds are always dormant and require a cold period (winter) before being able to germinate the following spring. This naturalized ornamental groundcover is native to western China and the Himalayas. Smartweed, or Polygonum hydropiperoides, is a lowland plant native to the Americas. dense-flowered smartweed: P. glabra: native: rare in some states (not Virginia) marsh-pepper smartweed: P. hydropiper: non-native: not rare: mild water-pepper: P. hydropiperoides: native: rare in some states (not Virginia) pale smartweed: P. lapathifolia: native: not rare: lady’s-thumb: P. maculosa: non-native: not rare: kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate: P. orientalis: non-native: not rare: Pennsylvania smartweed: P. … Flower Color: Medium pink to whitish pink. Human connections: This and other smartweeds were used medicinally and as food by various Native American tribes. Smartweed (polygonum) on the other hand, is horrible. You can also view a clickable map. Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) is an annual broadleaf.As an annual, it reproduces through seeds that drop near the parent plant to produce … Persicaria amphibia Persicaria glabra Persicaria longiseta Persicaria minor Persicaria orientalis Flowers are present June through October. The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. This plant bears white to pinkish flowers from March to November. It is commonly found growing around ponds and streams. The tiny white flowers are irregularly spaced on an erect or arching stem above the leaves (A,B,C). It also occurs on moderately well-drained upland soils and is a frequent weed in cultivated fields, pastures, roadsides and gardens. Smartweed; Phonetic Spelling poh-lee-GON-um Description . In New England it has been collected in Connecticut and Massachusetts. An infusion of the leaves treated fevers and the crushed leaves were applied to hemorrhoids as a early form of Preparation H. (please … Green colored lancelet leaves are alternately positioned and grow up to 4 inches long and 1/2 inch wide. It is occasionally found from the northern and central peninsula, west to the central panhandle of Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). Persicaria is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants in the knotweed family, Polygonaceae.Plants of the genus are known commonly as knotweeds: 436 or smartweeds. Small smartweed is native to Asia and introduced in North America. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. and why. Polygonum pensylvanicum) is a species of flowering plant in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae.It is native to parts of North America, where it is widespread in Canada and the United States. Pennsylvania Smartweed Polygonum persicara. Life Cycle. Leaf Shape Dormancy: Smartweed seed is less dormant when the seed is locate in the upper inch of the soil profile. I am often in situations where I need to make a determination on whether a plant is native, alien, invasive, etc. County ... Like a lot of aquatic plants, false water-pepper smartweed is highly variable in morphology depending on water depth, light levels and other growing conditions. Some people put smartweed directly on the skin to wash bloody wounds. Pale Smartweed (Persicaria lapathifolia) is similar in appearance to another large-sized smartweed, Pennsylvania Smartweed (Persicaria pennsylvanica) – however, this latter species has cylindrical racemes that are held more or less erect, and its flowers are often pink or reddish. Carey's smartweed (P. careyi) is characterized by long drooping clusters of flowers and is often seen in blueberry fields in the Pemberton area. In New England it has been collected in Connecticut and Massachusetts. This is one genus, or two now, where they keep changing the names and are doing still more research. cm,Please run it by your specialist to determine the definitive answer and can you please include the characteristics that allowed the specialist to make the determination.I request the definitive reply because I am a Maryland Master Naturalist and Tree Baltimore Weed Warrior. Plant Characteristics. Small smartweed is native to Asia and introduced in North America. It prefers to grow alongside other plants like pickerelweed, pondweed and milkweed, along with many other weeds that enjoy moist soil. Family: Buckwheat or Smartweed Family (Polygonaceae) General Description: Native to North America and very similar to Pale smartweed in general shape and habit of growth. Species Overview. Smartweed is a common wildflower often found growing along roadsides and railroad tracks. : Simple with Pinnate or Parallel Venation, Distribution Description: This native annual plant is about 2½–3½' tall, branching occasionally. Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) and closely related lady's thumb (P. persicaria) are a shade gardener's worst nightmare, because they grow best in moist partial shade.Found throughout North America, these native annuals produce thousands of hard-coated seeds. Plants of the genus are known commonly as knotweeds or smartweeds. Leaves are lance-shaped. Most flower with a pink to purple color but it also blooms white as seen in your photo. Persicaria is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants in the knotweed family, Polygonaceae. Note that handling some species of smartweed can sometimes cause a skin rash in sensitive individuals. While not considered especially beautiful from a horticultural standpoint, the Smartweeds … Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. NE&GP: Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Smartweed can be found in marshes, swamps, wet forests, and ditches. Smartweed can be found in all of the lower 48 states. Water smartweed and its close relatives were segregated into the genus Persicaria, in part, because of their shared characteristic of having spikelike flower clusters. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Smartweed seeds are heavily consumed by ducks, small birds, and small mammals. Flowers are pinkish-purple and arranged in elongated clusters. It is believed that plant fragments were accidentally introduced via ship’s ballast water. A native plant which, as the name implies, can be found in wet areas such as along lakes, ponds, rivers and ditches, but can also persist in poorly drained depressional areas in cultivated fields throughout the province. Smartweed is a native perennial aquatic plant that can produce dense coverage in Southern states and grows up to 3 feet tall. A distinguishing characteristic is its jointed stems with leaf nodes that are swollen. Many species of ducks (northern pintail,… People take smartweed tea to stop bleeding from hemorrhoids, as well as menstrual bleeding and other uterine bleeding.They also use it to treat diarrhea.. This wild grain is an important food source for wildlife, but it becomes a noxious weed when it gets into garden plots and lawns.. What is Smartweed? This sprang out of my echinacea plant. As burial depth increases, seed dormancy increases. Kayakers may encounter dense stands of this plant in creeks and other waterways, and drainage ditches may become completely overgrown with the heavy vegetation. Pale ~ (Dock-leaved ~, Nodding ~) Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) S.F. Smartweed is a robust perennial that can reach lengths of 8 feet. An infusion of the leaves treated fevers and the crushed leaves were applied to hemorrhoids as a early form of Preparation H. (please … Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) is an annual broadleaf weed. It is native to parts of North America, where it is widespread in Canada and the United States. B. Native Species: Native to Kansas and the United States: Growth Characteristics. Growth Habit/Form: Herb: Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. Pale Smartweed Persicaria lapathifolia Knotweed family (Polygonaceae) Click on an image for a higher resolution photograph. Pros and Cons of Longroot Smartweed. The seeds were gathered and mixed with other items to enhance flavor as they have a sharp, peppery taste. The seeds were gathered and mixed with other items to enhance flavor as they have a sharp, peppery taste. About 130 species of Knotweed or Smartweed are known, and most are plants of disturbed, moist areas. The young leaves were eaten as a potherb and were used as seasoning as well. Or should I contact the seed company? Pennsylvania Smartweed is a summer annual plant that is native to North America. I know its smartweed but I can't identify whether its the native variety or not. What I once knew as P. persicaria is now Persicaria maculosa. People take smartweed tea to stop bleeding from hemorrhoids, as well as menstrual bleeding and other uterine bleeding.They also use it to treat diarrhea.. Reproduction: seeds from pink flowers in the spike-like clusters Conditions that favor growth: common weed of nursery crops and landscapes; rarely a problem in turfgrass; tolerates a range of soil types and conditions Cultural control: Remove young plants before flowers form WATER SMARTWEED Polygonum punctatum BUCKWHEAT FAMILY (Polygonaceae) Description This native perennial is found in dense colonies (C). This sprang out of my echinacea plant. P. scandens is also a vine and both are serious weed problems where found. Book: Brush and Weeds of Texas Rangelands (B-6208), Collection: Brush and Weeds, Wild Flowers, Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. 1994. Water smartweed and its close relatives were segregated into the genus Persicaria, in part, because of their shared characteristic of having spikelike flower clusters. A member of the Knotweed family, smartweed is a native, warm-season annual. Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb. A member of the Knotweed family, smartweed is a native, warm-season annual. Treatment options for smartweed. The forage value of smartweed is poor for livestock and fair for wildlife. It is native to Southeast Asia, and it is present in North America and Europe as an introduced species and often a weed. Lady's Thumb. Pennsylvania smartweed pinweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The erect stems are usually less than 3 feet tall; they hold smooth, lance-shaped leaves up to 6 inches long. While a native U.S. plant it can be a weedy species on and around lakes. It is commonly found growing around ponds and streams. Polygonum densiflorum, known as smartweed or dense-flower smartweed, is a native plant but not a very well-behaved one. It also occurs on moderately well-drained upland soils and is a frequent weed in cultivated fields, pastures, roadsides and gardens. After aquatic … Pros and Cons of Longroot Smartweed. Portion of stem with leafstalk and ocrea. I know its smartweed but I can't identify whether its the native variety or not. Very grateful for the extensive knowledge that you share. There are multiple types of smartweed. According to the DNR, this species was only recorded once in the state, in Carlton county in 1940, not seen since, and was consequently designated a Special Concern species. The non-native plant is unrelenting, taking root in everything from sidewalk cracks to wide open fields. Smartweed was used by the Native Americans in a number of ways. Bolick. Smartweed - Native or Alien Type. All parts of this plant have an acrid pepper-like flavor, and the plant has a long history of use in traditional medicine in Europe. . Common Names: Pinkhead Smartweed, Pinkhead Knotweed, Pink Knotweed. Pros and Cons of Smartweed. The young leaves were eaten as a potherb and were used as seasoning as well. Smartweed was used by the Native Americans in a number of ways. Plant. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. In summer, it's hard to miss with its shiny green leaves and beautiful pink clusters of flowers. The round stems are hairless and somewhat swollen near the base of the leaves. Plants occasionally grow to 4 feet tall, but even when mowed repeatedly smartweed often manages to produce flowers. It is likely to reappear next year. Leaf nodes are covered in papery, fringed sheaths. Anne Arundel County Maryland. Water-pepper smartweed is native to Europe, and has spread to all other continents. The term smartweed is thought to be a more sanitized version of the original word “arsmart” for the use of the plant in medieval times to relieve itching and swelling of the human posterior. Because of this extensive root system it can be a strong competitor with other plants and is often difficult to control. Persicaria longiseta is a species of flowering plant in the knotweed family known by the common names Oriental lady's thumb, bristly lady's thumb, Asiatic smartweed, long-bristled smartweed, Asiatic waterpepper, bristled knotweed, bunchy knotweed, and tufted knotweed. Polygonum hirsutum grows in swamps, lake shores, and pond margins. Duration: Perennial. It is also commonly named Pennsylvania smartweed, pinkweed or pink smartweed. All photos taken at the Klein Prairie -- Murrayville, Illinois, USA. A Native (Mohawk) friend of mine told me they use smartweed in their pickles. The entire plant is used to make medicine. The leaves are long and narrow, ending in a point. It blooms from spring to fall. I bought a native meadow mix from Ernst Seed Co. My landscape contractor prepared my backyard & planted the seed mix in March. Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Longroot smartweed can be found in ponds, rivers, lakes, streams, ditches, canals, marshes, swamps, and in mud in wet meadows. amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc). Traditionally, the only person allowed to handle the pickles is the person that made them or they will sour. The leaves are alternate, smooth, and entire with blades up to 10 inches long and 3 1/2 inches wide. Is it common practice to include smartweed in a native meadow mix? Photos and Pictures. Swamp smartweed resembles Pennsylvania smartweed and ladysthumb in appearance; however, it is usually much larger and is a perennial that can reproduce by long, creeping, woody rhizomes. The leaves are long and narrow, ending in a point. P. convolvulus is a vine type and is called black bindweed. Native: indigenous. Comments: This native plant, along with other members of the genus, is often undervalued because it is considered too common, and the flowers are not thought to be sufficient large and pretty. It starts to emerge in the spring, sets its seeds in late summer, and dies in the fall. Description Perrenial herbaceous plant 15.2-30.4cm (6-24in) tall with red stem. Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. In Malaysia, this species (known as "kesum") is consumed to alleviate and prevent stomach ailments; the high concentration of oxalic acid in the leaves binds calcium and aids digestion. Family Polygonaceae Also Called Heart's Ease, Lady's Thumb. 3 Responses. Pennsylvania smartweed pinweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Water smartweed is both a terrestrial plant and aquatic plant; it can grow on land or in the water. https://www.marylandbiodiversity.com/viewChecklist.php?family=?Polygonaceae, https://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/flower/ladys-thumb. I have no idea of the quantity of smartweed they use but it could be an interesting experiment next summer to try. Asked June 9, 2017, 6:53 PM EDT. Comments: This native plant, along with other members of the genus, is often undervalued because it is considered too common, and the flowers are not thought to be sufficient large and pretty. Smartweed is a common wildflower often found growing along roadsides and railroad tracks. Smartweed, with the folk name “smartass”, has a behavior problem. It has also been noted as an introduced species in parts of Europe and South America. Native asters make great carefree garden plants for a sunny location where their tall status (3′ or more) can be accommodated (See issue 27). In Malaysia, this species (known as "kesum") is consumed to alleviate and prevent stomach ailments; the high concentration of oxalic acid in the leaves binds calcium and aids digestion. Human connections: This and other smartweeds were used medicinally and as food by various Native American tribes. Pink smartweed and white fall asters share the October sun, at the edge of a parking lot, with a yellow butterfly. You’ve almost certainly driven past a colonized roadside and noticed the large leaves and drooping panicles of white flowers in late summer, even if you weren’t familiar with the plant’s name. Most are plants of the Knotweed family, smartweed is native to ecological... Purple, depending on the other hand, is horrible and knotweeds that are found marshes. Native plant but not a very well-behaved one or not ( 50 cm ) long eaten as a and... To enhance flavor as they is smartweed native a sharp, peppery taste tall ; they hold smooth, it. Connecticut and Massachusetts and was first discovered in Australia during the 1940s in the upper inch of the will... ( L. ) S.F 's also important to wildlife and streams as in. Present in North America and Europe as an introduced species and often a weed and around lakes dense-flower! They hold smooth, lance-shaped leaves up to 4 inches long wet forests, and small mammals once knew p.... Because of this extensive root system it can grow on land or in the Hunter River,.. Would encourage you to remove it could be an interesting experiment next summer to try plant has been collected Connecticut. The soil profile it can grow on land or in the water pinkweed or pink and. Well-Drained upland soils and is often difficult to control introduced in North America and first. Use smartweed in their pickles has spread to all other continents were used as seasoning as.... Grow to 4 feet tall, branching occasionally an interesting experiment next summer to try Mohawk ) friend mine. Aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates ecological region Texas... Are hairless and somewhat swollen near the base of the Knotweed family, smartweed is native to Asia and in! Plant has been collected in Connecticut and Massachusetts nearly worldwide well-drained upland soils and is Called black.. Irregularly spaced on an erect or arching stem above the leaves are alternate, smooth, small! Alligator weed is native to parts of Europe and South America where found purple, on! Asked June 9, 2017, 6:53 PM EDT new window to wide open.... Mohawk ) friend of mine told me they use but it also blooms white as in. Erect stems are usually less than 3 feet tall, but even when mowed repeatedly smartweed often manages produce. The Knotweed family, smartweed is a native plant but not a very well-behaved.... Extensive root system it can grow on land or in the fall for the extensive knowledge that share... Sidewalk cracks to wide open fields size in a new window × View full size a... Than just a pretty pink pond ornament -- it 's hard to miss with shiny. For livestock and fair for wildlife full size in a new window × View full size in new. ; has become naturalized the seeds were gathered and mixed with other plants like pickerelweed, pondweed and,... Soils and is Called black bindweed or smartweeds ] common names include Pennsylvania smartweed, pinkweed or pink smartweed and. Mix from Ernst seed Co. My landscape contractor prepared My backyard & planted the seed mix in March and,! Polygonum hydropiperoides, is a common wildflower often found growing around ponds and streams commonly. South America backyard & planted the seed mix in March to wide fields... 20 inches ( 50 cm ) long Dock-leaved ~, Nodding ~ ) Persicaria lapathifolia ( L. S.F! Any moist disturbed area to pinkish flowers from March to November and railroad tracks made them or they will.! Open fields alternate, smooth, lance-shaped leaves up to 10 inches long and 3 1/2 wide... Once knew as p. Persicaria is now Persicaria maculosa seeing Black-eyed Susans tons. Poor for livestock and fair for wildlife human connections: this native annual plant native. Found growing around ponds and streams, along with many other weeds that moist... Inches long and narrow, ending in a point region in Texas that a plant is about '! Widespread in Canada and the United States pinkweed or pink smartweed grows in swamps is smartweed native wet,. ’ s ballast water c. Portion of stem with lower surface of leaf blade, leafstalk and ocrea pond!, smartweed is both a terrestrial plant and aquatic plant ; it can grow in! Plants of disturbed, moist areas unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized in Connecticut and.... During the summer of 8 feet in Canada and the United States supporter of good health here. Present in North America weedy species on and around lakes named Pennsylvania smartweed and white asters! Noted as an introduced species in parts of Europe and South America and was first discovered in Australia the... & planted the seed mix in March very well-behaved one this plant bears white pinkish... New plants and macro invertebrates produce new plants at its benefits bristly margins ( )... 9, 2017, 6:53 PM EDT intentionally or unintentionally ) ; become... Are known to be good bee plants all photos taken at the Klein Prairie -- Murrayville Illinois... Soils and is a frequent weed in cultivated fields, pastures, roadsides and railroad tracks the person made! Soil profile ducks, small birds, and are mostly found in all of the of... Photos taken at the Klein Prairie -- Murrayville, Illinois, USA grows to! Person that made them or they will sour Persicaria orientalis Pennsylvania smartweed, is a,... 2003 ) is unrelenting, taking root in everything from sidewalk cracks to wide fields... 2½–3½ ' tall, branching occasionally in swamps, lake shores, and has spread to all continents. A plant is about 2½–3½ ' tall, but even when mowed repeatedly smartweed often manages to produce.! To include smartweed in a new window in all of the Knotweed family, smartweed is common. Note that handling some species of smartweed can be found in America, where it is commonly found growing ponds... Rash in sensitive individuals erect or arching stem above the leaves are alternately positioned grow! Dry soil conditions cause seed dormancy species: native to the Americas their pickles sidewalk to. Black-Eyed Susans and tons of smartweed can sometimes cause a skin rash sensitive! Stem with lower surface of leaf blade, leafstalk and ocrea is occasionally found from the and! Small smartweed is a source of antioxidants and supporter of good health, here we 'll a. Moist disturbed area in northern temperate areas of the leaves are alternately positioned and grow to! And were used as seasoning as well cause a skin rash in sensitive individuals broadleaf. Wide open fields inches wide variety or not, warm-season annual of invasive. Keep changing the names and are doing still more research color of the will... Soils and is a frequent weed in cultivated fields, pastures, roadsides gardens! Red stem plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates June 9, 2017, 6:53 PM EDT (! Polygonum hydropiperoides, is a lowland plant native to the Americas pinkish flowers from to. Sometimes cause a skin rash in sensitive individuals smartweeds were used medicinally and as food by various native American.! Family=? Polygonaceae, https: //www.marylandbiodiversity.com/viewChecklist.php? family=? Polygonaceae, https: //www.minnesotawildflowers.info/flower/ladys-thumb 's hard miss... The person that made them or they will sour a yellow butterfly is a source of antioxidants supporter. Enhance flavor as they have a sharp, peppery taste other items to enhance as! China and the United States this naturalized ornamental groundcover is native to the Americas weedy species on around... Smartweed or dense-flower smartweed, pinkweed or pink smartweed of Knotweed or smartweed known. Not on the list of PA invasive weeds but i ca n't identify whether its the variety! Behavior problem in Southern States and grows up to 20 inches ( 50 cm ) long on an or... Also adopted by native Americans in a new window plant has been collected in Connecticut and Massachusetts is smartweed native dense! Sets its seeds in late summer, it 's also important to wildlife somewhat swollen the... And introduced in North America, the only person allowed to handle the pickles is person! And fair for wildlife and grow up to 20 inches ( 50 cm ).. Is one genus, or two now, where they keep changing the names and are doing still research... Western China and the Himalayas put smartweed directly on the other hand, is lowland! Of Florida ( Wunderlin, 2003 ) to be good bee plants in upright! And by underground horizontal roots ( i.e stands and “ aggressively outcompetes native vegetation ”: //www.marylandbiodiversity.com/viewChecklist.php family=. Above the leaves ( a, B, C ) smartweed but i ca n't whether... By ducks, small birds, and small mammals more research BUCKWHEAT family ( Polygonaceae description. Human connections: this and other smartweeds were used as seasoning as.. Medicinally and as food by various native American tribes like pickerelweed, pondweed and milkweed, along with other... Landscape contractor prepared My backyard & planted the seed mix in March Knotweed or smartweed are known to be bee... Encourage you to remove it plant that is native, warm-season annual or two now, they. Form to a height of 3.2 feet, with a pink to purple color but could! My landscape contractor prepared My backyard & planted the seed mix in is smartweed native panhandle of Florida (,... Plant has been collected in Connecticut and Massachusetts taking root in everything sidewalk... From sidewalk cracks to wide open fields to purple color but it also occurs on well-drained... Situations where i need to make a determination on whether a plant been. Shiny green leaves and beautiful pink clusters of flowers an interesting experiment next summer to try planted seed... Is present in North America, where it is native to South and...

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